Last updated on September 16, 2020 by Dan Nanni
yumcommand to download a RPM package without installing it?
yum is the default package manager for Red Hat based systems, such as CentOS, Fedora or RHEL. Using
yum, you can install or update a RPM package while resolving its package dependencies automatically. What if you want to download a RPM package without installing it on the system? For example, you may want to archive some RPM packages for later use or to install them on another machine.
Here is how to download an RPM package from
yum command itself can be used to download a RPM package. The standard
yum command offers
--downloadonly option for this purpose.
$ sudo yum install --downloadonly <package-name>
By default, a downloaded RPM package will be saved in:
In the above,
[repository] is the name of the repository (e.g., base, fedora, updates) from which the package is downloaded.
If you want to download a package to a specific directory (e.g.,
$ sudo yum install --downloadonly --downloaddir=/tmp <package-name>
Note that if a package to download has any unmet dependencies,
yum will download all dependent packages as well. None of them will be installed.
One important thing is that on CentOS/RHEL 6 or earlier, you will need to install a separate
yum plugin (called
yum-plugin-downloadonly) to be able to use
--downloadonly command option:
$ sudo yum install yum-plugin-downloadonly
Without this plugin, you will get the following error with
Command line error: no such option: --downloadonly
Another method to download an RPM package is via a dedicated package downloader tool called
yumdownloader. This tool is part of
yum-utils package which contains a suite of helper tools for
yum package manager.
$ sudo yum install yum-utils
To download an RPM package:
$ sudo yumdownloader <package-name>
The downloaded package will be saved in the current directory. You need to use root privilege because
yumdownloader will update package index files during downloading. Unlike
yum command above, none of the dependent package(s) will be downloaded.
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