Last updated on September 5, 2020 by Dan Nanni
Git is a popular open-source version control system (VCS) originally developed for Linux environment. Contrary to other VCS tools like CVS or SVN, Git's revision control is considered distributed in a sense that your local Git working directory can function as a fully-working repository with complete history and version-tracking capabilities. In this model, each collaborator commits to his or her local repository (as opposed to always committing to a central repository), and optionally push to a centralized repository if need be. This brings in scalability and redundancy to the revision control system, which is a must in any kind of large-scale collaboration.
Git is shipped with all major Linux distributions. Thus the easiest way to install Git is by using your Linux distro's package manager.
$ sudo apt-get install git
$ sudo yum install git
$ sudo pacman -S git
$ sudo zypper install git
$ emerge --ask --verbose dev-vcs/git
If for whatever reason you want to built Git from the source, you can follow the instructions below.
Before building Git, first install dependencies.
$ sudo apt-get install libcurl4-gnutls-dev libexpat1-dev gettext libz-dev libssl-dev asciidoc xmlto docbook2x
$ sudo yum install curl-devel expat-devel gettext-devel openssl-devel zlib-devel asciidoc xmlto docbook2x
Download the latest release of Git from https://github.com/git/git/releases. Then build and install Git under
/usr as follows.
Note that if you want to install it under a different directory (e.g.,
configure command with something else.
$ cd git-x.x.x $ make configure $ ./configure --prefix=/usr $ make all doc info $ sudo make install install-doc install-html install-info
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