How to install VirtualBox Guest Additions for Linux

Last updated on December 2, 2020 by Dan Nanni

VirtualBox Guest Additions are a set of device drivers and system applications which are designed to be installed in the guest operating systems of VirtualBox. Guest Additions are available as an ISO image for Windows, Linux, Solaris or OS/2. The Guest Additions offer a number of features including:

In this tutorial, I will describe how to install VirtualBox Guest Additions for Linux.

I assume that you already have a Linux guest virtual machine (VM) up and running on VirtualBox. The rest of the steps below should be done inside the Linux guest VM.

First, check out the version of your VirtualBox, and download the ISO image of matching Guest Additions from For example, assuming that VirtualBox is 4.2.16, download Guest Additions for version 4.2.16.

Install Dependencies for VirtualBox Guest Additions

$ wget

Next, install necessary packages:

On Ubuntu, Mint or Debian:

$ sudo apt-get install dkms gcc

On Fedora:

$ sudo yum install dkms gcc

On CentOS or RHEL:

$ sudo yum install kernel-devel gcc

Install VirtualBox Guest Additions

Now, mount the ISO file for Guest Additions:

$ sudo mount -o loop VBoxGuestAdditions_4.2.16.iso /mnt
$ cd /mnt

Run the following executable in the mount point. This is the Guest Additions installer.

$ sudo ./

After the executable is completed, reboot the guest operating system to activate the updates.

To verify that Guest Additions are installed successfully, run the following. You should see several kernel modules loaded in the kernel.

$ lsmod | grep vbox
vboxvideo              12611  0
drm                   286313  1 vboxvideo
vboxsf                 39557  0
vboxguest             235614  2 vboxsf

Support Xmodulo

This website is made possible by minimal ads and your gracious donation via PayPal (Credit Card) or Bitcoin (1M161JGAkz3oaHNvTiPFjNYkeABox8rb4g).

Please note that this article is published by under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. If you would like to use the whole or any part of this article, you need to cite this web page at as the original source.

Xmodulo © 2021 ‒ AboutWrite for UsFeed ‒ Powered by DigitalOcean